It is of utmost importance for individuals who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes by their respective doctors to keep high blood sugar levels in check. This is why they are highly encouraged to carefully monitor their diet and also stay physically active every single day. Having reliable diabetic supplies such as blood sugar meters, lancets and test strips around is recommended, too.
To date, there is no available cure for type 2 diabetes. It’s for this reason exactly why it is regarded by health authorities as a chronic or long-term disease. Failure to manage the said disease effectively can cause so many different serious health complications to come into being sooner or later. In order to fend off secondary problems, maintaining healthy or normal blood sugar levels is a definite must.
One of the most serious complications associated with type 2 diabetes is cardiovascular disease. Put simply, it is a condition in which the arteries or blood vessels that transport oxygenated blood throughout the body are clogged and hardened. The blame can be put on the accumulation of plaque on the inner walls of the arteries. Once there’s arterial clogging and hardening present, it’s not unlikely for the blood pressure to dramatically increase which is something that’s damaging to the heart.
Cardiovascular disease is something that should be taken very seriously by those who are suffering from type 2 diabetes. It’s for the fact that such health matter can considerably increase their risk of having a heart attack and stroke. Inability to obtain immediate medical assistance during a cardiovascular event can have very grave consequences.
Due to the unfavorable effects of having high blood sugar levels to the arteries, the kidneys of individuals with type 2 diabetes are also placed in danger. Inside the kidneys is a delicate network of blood vessels that can be easily damaged by high blood pressure. Once those blood vessels are destroyed, the kidneys are no longer able to do their job.
The problem with kidney damage is that it’s a progressive disease, which means that it tends to worsen after some time. Failure to manage the problem effectively can result in what health authorities refer to as end-stage renal disease. Such requires affected individuals to regularly go through dialysis and at times undergo a kidney transplant.
Individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes may also one day encounter nerve damage in their extremities, and it’s a condition referred to as peripheral neuropathy. The presence of this problem concerning the nerves can cause pain, numbness, heaviness and tingling sensations in the affected limbs. The trouble with having peripheral neuropathy is that it can leave cuts, wounds and foot sores unnoticed and ultimately severely infected.
The presence of type 2 diabetes is notorious for causing wounds to heal at a very slow rate, which is something that makes them highly susceptible to winding up infected. It’s very much likely for the infection to worsen and spread uncontrollably especially if the foot or lower leg is concerned. In some instances, doctors recommend amputating the affected limb in order to put the problem under control.